HAIL blasts across the fell and bounces off rocks. Wind stings the land. There are no shapes in this grey world – only noise and coldness and sloping ground. Then the mist parts briefly and something dark and vaguely eerie hovers on the edge of the visible world. It’s an old railway goods wagon – twelve miles from the nearest siding and at an altitude of 1,684ft.
That’s thrown me. I’m descending Clough Head, above Keswick, to the Old Coach Road, and was dwelling on a mystery concerning coaches and horses. But now I’ve got a railway wagon near the top of a mountain. Better start at the beginning . . .
. . . There’s a can of tea bubbling on the petrol stove as I pull on my boots at the crossroads above Dockray, where the Old Coach Road from Keswick comes down from the fell. My legs won’t work if I don’t have tea. That’s probably why Sherpas and people from Darjeeling are good at climbing mountains.
I’ve not wandered along the little valley to Dowthwaitehead before. It’s quite pleasant. There’s a scattering of untidy farms, some sodden paths, bare trees and bleak fellside. I follow one of the sodden paths up onto Birkett Fell and into a ferocious wind that’s howling from the west. It’s cold, very cold.
The Dodds – Stybarrow Dodd, Watson’s Dodd and Great Dodd – are fine fells linked by broad grassy ridges. I like it up here. A bloke can step out and think about things. He can let his mind wander. Over to the west, dark clouds engulf Great Gable and the mountains to its north. But up on the Dodds the air is clear.
From the summit shelter on Great Dodd I gaze down upon moorland to the north and east and the Old Coach Road that crosses it. Before the advent of the Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway, it must have been a cold and desolate journey across those five barren miles for anyone driving a team of horses, with the wind and hail whipping his collar. Or was it?
According to the National Gazetteer of 1868, the mail coach from the South to Glasgow ran on the old turnpike road through Penrith and Carlisle, then through Longtown and into Scotland, following what is now the A6. An east-west mail coach ran from Carlisle through Brampton to Newcastle, along the route of the A69. A third coach ran from Whitehaven, calling at Cockermouth and Keswick before completing its 44-mile journey in Penrith, where it met up with the Glasgow coach.
Whitehaven, for anyone interested, was the last place in Britain to be invaded by an enemy force. For this honour we have Captain John Paul Jones – father of the US Navy – to thank. Jones, a Scotsman by birth, led a party ashore in 1778 during the American War of Independence and made a nuisance of himself – not much of a nuisance, but enough get the authorities absolutely bouncing. I like that story, and I’m quite surprised I haven’t managed to sneak it in before now.
So I’m looking down on the old track along which, I assume, the Whitehaven to Penrith coach used to run. It’s not hard to imagine it rattling along the ruts, a team of steaming horses pounding the mud and the driver wrapped up against the wind.
Last night, though, I stumbled upon a website that maintains there is no authenticated evidence or legend to suggest it was a coach road at all, and that the road probably had its origins as a peat track in the days when we commoners had the right to dig fuel on the fell. Those rights, and similar rights that benefited the masses, disappeared when the rich took the land for themselves under various acts of Parliament – which was all in the national interest, apparently. That sort of thing – the poor making sacrifices while the rich get richer for the good of the country – couldn’t happen nowadays of course. Pause.
So, was it a coach road or wasn’t it? It’s certainly marked on the Ordnance Survey maps as Old Coach Road. But consider this: between Keswick and Penrith there is one sizable settlement – the village of Threlkeld. This would have been a handy staging post on the coach route, one would assume. But the Old Coach Road passes the village a mile to the south and several hundred feet up the fell. In fact, the Old Coach Road attains an altitude of 1,433ft at a point where, had it stuck to the valley, it would have been rattling along at 740ft. That’s a huge chunk of height for horses to pull a stagecoach. Hmmm.
I leave the sanctuary of Great Dodd’s rudimentary shelter and, bent double into the wind, follow the path to the final fell on the ridge – Clough Head.
Clough Head is one of my favourite mountains. In the grand scheme of things it is pretty damned insignificant, little more than a full-stop on a sentence in which Helvellyn is the main subject. But it holds happy memories. Hail sweeps in before I reach the summit – great white curtains dragging themselves across the ridge from the west. And then I see nothing.
The sun breaks through briefly while I’m sheltering on the summit, just long enough to take some pictures, then the hail returns with renewed ferocity. It’s during this second squall, while I’m stumbling down the fell, I hear a choir of angels above the wind and the railway goods wagon heaves out of the mist – bathed in sunshine – like the galley bearing King Arthur’s body to Avalon.
Railway goods wagons. We’ve been here before, and pretty recently. I have a theory about them. After several decades of walking through wild and desolate places, it has been observed that the wilder and more desolate the place becomes, the more likelihood there is of stumbling across one. This wagon, positioned on blocks and sleepers at an altitude of 513m or 1,684ft (you can actually see it on Google Earth), didn’t get here without a great deal of effort. By the way, it’s a BR 12T Vanfit. Not many people know that.
So I slither down the slopes of Clough Head, wondering how an old railway wagon managed to slither up it, and clump along the Old Coach Road towards the crossroads above Dockray. It’s a cold and blustery few miles, but pleasant nonetheless. I pass the time trying to determine whether or not coaches used this route. I decide it’s a myth perpetuated by the Ordnance Survey.
I boil more tea at the car, but while I’m warming some of yesterday’s homemade soup, the hail sweeps in again on a roaring wind. Something big and dark rumbles past in the gloom. And this might sound daft, and I just know you won’t believe me, but I swear I can hear the creaking of wheels and the neighing of horses above the wind.
I am left in a dilemma. Was it a coach and team? Or was it a BR 12T Vanfit carrying horses?
- A couple of good websites concerning the invasion of Whitehaven by John Paul Jones in the days before he took up bass guitar. Jones was also involved in a sea battle off Flamborough Head where he commandeered a Royal Navy vessel after his own ship, the Bonhomme Richard, was shot from under him. There’s a song about it, but don’t ask me to sing it. Oh, go on then . . .
- The National Gazetteer of 1868 on the coach routes of Cumberland (it’s the final paragraph).
- The Old Coach Road – is it or isn’t it? According to this website, it isn’t.
- For some interesting pictures of BR 12T Vanfit railway wagons (I presume BR stands for British Railways) click here. Definitely worth a click for the Steamy Scenes picture several rows down.